These days, the new move in the game of life has been finding creative ways to get pollution out of the city. It wasn’t so long ago that a creative engineer from Europe moved to China to build their first de-polluting tower, which was quite successful. Ever since then, innovators have been trying to manifest this strategy in new ways. But few expected it would ever look like a billboard.
Well, it makes sense if you think about it – billboards already exist all over the place, so instead of needing to reserve, build, or occupy new spaces, these can just do this amazing work while serving their other purpose. That’s why this Dutch innovator designed the already existing structure to purify the surrounding air by eating up smog. The ad spaces attract nearby air pollutants by being coated with a specialized resin which converts them into oxygen when exposed to direct sunlight.
At 23 feet tall, each billboard is capable of filtering 75% of harmful PM2.5 and PM10 particles from the air around them. They use ion technology which results in very little electricity (harnessed only from wind power) required to power them – about the equivalent of an electric kettle. The end game? These billboards produce 30,000 cubic meters of clean air per hour, which is as much as 30 trees every 6 hours – and they have a lifespan of up to five years.
So, whose brilliant idea was this? Dutch engineer Daan Roosegaarde and his team, in partnership with the University of Monterrey. The inspiration came from an IKEA brand product: GUNRID curtains which have a mineral-based surface treatment of photocatalytic nanotechnology that cleanses airborne pollutants from indoor spaces.
Their first billboard has been set up in Monterrey, Mexico. The heavily-polluted city is nestled in a valley without much foliage, and the billboards are expected to compensate greatly fort his and for urban health in general.
“It was great to work with the [UDEM] students and take a problem and transform it into a potential,” says Roosegaarde. “I am really proud to see them go from academic research to a real project. I do not believe in utopia—a perfect solution—but protopia: step-by-step improving reality.”
The James Bond Films Ranked, from Worst to Best
One of the most popular spies in film history, James Bond has been the hero of many iconic movies. Then again, each flick has its strengths and weaknesses, which has allowed us to rank them here!
25. No Time to Die
The newest Bond movie starring Daniel Craig as the 007 agent, this film promises to express different forms of the same movie plot.
No Time To Die seems like it’s going to be a level up from the previous four films by the actor, but we are yet to find out!
The only Bond movie named after its female character, Adams enters the film as more than a criminal or a thug. The replacement of the secret lair with a circus and the disguise of a clown didn’t exactly sit well with the audience.
Roger Moore played the leading role in a classy manner with a few dusty hints. The entire franchise revolves around exaggerated nuclear weapons, tacky exotic locations, a fortified lair of an Afghan prince – basically a sorry state for a spy movie.
23. The Man with the Golden Gun
It is often noted as embarrassing when the superior performance of the villain is held back by the leading roles or the film itself. In this case, Bond is tagged as a dim secretary who apparently can’t seem to find clothes during the movie.
He faces an assassin, Scaramanga, played by Christopher Lee who excels in bringing the right substance and gravitas to a rather inconsistent film, which isn’t a surprise considering his efficiency in other movies.
22. Die Another Day
When you have someone as smooth and venturesome as Pierce Brosnan and an appealing co-star like Halle Berry coming out of the sea, you may imagine that nothing can go wrong with the film no matter what the plot is.
However, the level of puffery pulled in this movie – be it the invisible car, surfing on ice, announcement of Bond being sold out, or the face-swapping plot – created frowns among the ‘90s kids who would have wanted a better farewell for the actor.
21. A View to a Kill
There comes a point where no matter how good your movie is, the actor may not just be right for the job. Daniel Craig is retiring from his position at 52. After all, who can handle the physical work expected from the heartthrob?
However, the directors didn’t realize that it was time to replace 58-year-old Roger Moore for A View to a Kill, whose performances mostly included stunts. The only cool aspects of the film were the two villains, the song, and the Golden Gate Bridge.
What is up with movies trying to cash in on the latest trends? While the series showed promise in dropping their Bond to fight villains in all the exotic locations around the world, the sci-fi success Star Wars turned this movie into more of a sci-fi facade.
Henchman Jaws getting a girlfriend was just a cherry on top of the myriad. What was amusing, however, was that the film actually drew in a lot of Star Wars fans who were excited to witness anything sci-fi-like.
19. The World Is Not Enough
The Bond Franchise has never seemed to invest in any of the Bond girls with exception for a movie or two. The bleak attempt to shake things up by handing Christmas Jones a PhD and glasses was indeed a mockery to women.
After a few initial scenes trying to establish a “beauty with brains” effect, Dr. Jones suddenly has no idea what to do and is then blurred out, after which savior Bond fights Robbie Coltrane.
18. Diamonds Are Forever
The last Bond movie played by the late Sean Connery, this film wasn’t the ideal exit his fans had hoped for. A role as hyper-masculine as Bond was led to impersonate a diamond smuggler in order to catch thieves – suitable for a typical crime movie, but not a Bond film.
The entire movie is set in Las Vegas, designed with lacking female characters humiliating themselves. However, the movie works with an otherwise decent plot and catchy song.
It has lately become apparent that the more money you put into the Bond films, the more ingenuine they turn out. Just like any typical Bond film, in this one, a criminal organization deals with nuclear weapons in a presumably exotic island such as the Bahamas.
Most of the budget has been invested in toys for fighting, and underwater technology, which was initially visually terrific to watch but then becomes slightly boring by the end. The sharks were cool, but were they necessary?
Among the numerous villains that James Bond has dealt with, devoted fans will confirm that his true enemy has always been Ernst Stavro Blofeld, and Spectre failed to add any value to that dynamic. Overall, after Skyfall’s success, expectations from the James Bond franchise were not met in this film.
Where Skyfall saved the franchise from a literal downfall, Spectre pushed it back with its uneven portrayal.
15. For Your Eyes Only
There’s no doubt that Roger Moore was able to play the role of James Bond quite magnificently. Unfortunately, this forgettable film was not among the best works of Moore. It may not be as bad as it sounds, but are James Bond films supposed to be just “good?”
Aren’t they supposed to be better than most other spy movies? This is where Moore’s Bond failed in this film, not being able to bring out the best of James Bond.
14. Quantum of Solace
The James Bond franchise, along with Daniel Craig, took a major hit with this film. Not that the film was bad, but after making a breathtaking film like Casino Royale, the franchise should have done something better to live up to the hopes of its fans.
The story continues after Casino Royale, and in this one, Bond tries to find all the people who were responsible for Vesper Lynd’s passing. Overall, this film has some magnificent action scenes, and the story is not half-bad.
13. The Spy Who Loved Me
Other than the usual Bond portrayal of a witty secret agent, this movie brought out Bond’s henchman, Jaws. This is a person who takes care of fighting situations where even James Bond struggles.
Highlighting the henchman’s value in Bond’s life is one of the many the reasons why this film garnered much appreciation. This movie outweighs all other Moore’s movies in terms of details and cinematography and makes its place prominent in the James Bond franchise.
12. Tomorrow Never Dies
We wouldn’t try to change your mind if you said that you like Pierce Brosnan as James Bond more than Daniel Craig because it’s true to some extent. This film portrayed the influence of the media over our society way before the uprising of social media influence.
Bond attempts to stop a possible war between China and England that started due to media influence. Beautiful actress, jam-packed fights, magnificent plot – what more could you ask for in a James Bond film?
11. You Only Live Twice
Bond films are usually not connected to each other in terms of their stories and plots, but this one has some strings attached to other films of Sean Connery. His villains, from Dr. No to Goldfinger, were a part of a single paramilitary organization, Spectre, run by Ernst Stavro Blofield.
In this film, Bond finally gets to see the men. The story was building up for years, and the payoff was finally visible with the interaction between Bond and Blofeld.
10. License to Kill
Although Timothy Dalton played the role of James Bond in two films, his films can’t be regarded as inferior than the other ones. In this movie, the best secret service agent of the world, James Bond, goes rogue and starts asking questions.
The conflict between the MI6 and 007 is fantastically portrayed and makes this movie one of the popular ones in the Bond franchise. It’s different from the usual plots consisting of conflict with Russia or terrorists trying to blow up the world.
9. Dr. No
Sean Connery made sure that his worth is noticed and that his legacy within the Bond franchise lives on with his wonderful performance in Dr. No. This movie was produced on a low budget, which was probably not enough to make a Bond film.
However, Connery’s interaction with the Bond-girl Ursula Andress gave the audience scope to think about Bond’s character. It showed that Bond could be a bit less rough around the edges when he wants to.
8. The Living Daylights
Timothy Dalton played the character James Bond in two films, and he portrayed his magnificent talent of acting in both. This movie sets its plot in Afghanistan, which was being occupied by Russia. The direction of this movie doesn’t leave much space to deny that it was among the best Bond movies of the franchise.
Some of the more popular Bond films do overshadow Dalton’s films, but this one is a favorite among some critics for the excellent settings and plots.
7. On Her Majesty’s Secret Service
Most people might forget about Bond actor George Lazenby. It might seem like a strange casting, but Lazenby proved that he was just as capable of holding the legacy as others in this film.
This movie followed the story of Bond being in love and dreaming of leaving the secret service and starting a normal life with the woman he loves. This is still one of the best Bond films according to a lot of directors.
6. From Russia With Love
This 1963 Bond film might not amuse you in terms of action or portraying cool gadgets that Bond usually uses, even less than its predecessor Dr. No. Also, the movie shifts its way towards a different direction than Flemming’s novel.
While he created a plot involving the Soviets, the film actually shows terrorists who are a part of Spectre, a different terrorist organization. Still, Sean Connery’s fight with Rosa Klebb is something you will never forget.
Among the actors who took James Bond to the height of its success, Pierce Brosnan would be one of those that deserves the credit more so than others. Although this was Brosnan’s first Bond film, he could not outperform GoldenEye in his latter Bond films.
The action-packed film portrayed a loss of a friend, which kept the story going. The gracious portrayal of Bond’s love for his country over his dear friend took it to a new level. The conflict with Russia is prominent here too.
While some people would say that Craig is the best Bond, there’s no doubt that the majority would agree on Sean Connery being the best James Bond actor ever. This movie is not only about 007, though; it had one of the best villains of the Bond franchise, Auric Goldfinger, amazingly portrayed by Gert Frobe.
His evil plan was not just blowing up half of the world but to turn America’s gold reserve into radioactive metals. Chilling, right?
3. Casino Royale
Being a super-agent, Bond is exclusively portrayed as a man with extreme fighting skills and survival instincts. However, this movie in the Bond franchise hits a new level with the portrayal of a tender – and rather tragic – side to Bond.
It’s not only the amazing casino scenes, but Daniel Craig getting tortured by Mads Mikkelsen initiated some mixed feelings among Bond fans. Besides, this is the movie where Bond falls in love with evergreen Eva Green and decides to quit the secret service.
No matter how popular the James Bond franchise is, it did go through ups and downs for a long time before Skyfall came in. Quantum of Solace didn’t see the light of success as was expected of it.
However, with Skyfall, Sam Mendes’ direction and Daniel Craig’s magnificent performance literally saved the James Bond franchise from becoming a massive let-down. This movie graciously portrayed the fall of James Bond into depths of uncertainty and his fight to get back on his feet.
1. Live and Let Die
One of the boldest moves made by Roger Moore, his debut film turned out to be not just distinct but also marked by counterproductivity. The 1973 film was an attempt to commercialize blacksploitation, which shook the audience.
The stereotypical portrayal of African-American actors using cliched lines was a disappointment but was expected from a Caucasian director. The plot diverges towards everyday criminals such as thugs and low-key dealers instead of the usual enemies of the state.