NASA is planning to put humans on the Moon again as part of a larger policy to send astronauts to Mars, according to a plan the organization recently submitted to Congress. The plan outlines five new strategic goals for upcoming missions to explore space, based on recent advancements in commercial space operations, such as the Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System rocket. If all goes to plan, NASA should have humans back on the Moon by the end of the 2020s. A short-term goal on the way to this accomplishment is to have humans in lunar orbit by 2023.
According to NASA, “this will be the first chance for the majority of the people alive today to witness a Moon landing — a moment when, in awe and wonder, the world holds its breath. However, America will not stop there.”
In addition, he said, “What we don’t want to do is go to the surface of the moon, prove that we can do it again, and then be done. We want to go to stay.” The first of the New Exploration Campaign’s five goals, as outlined on their website, is to “transition U.S. human spaceflight activities in low-Earth orbit to commercial operations that support NASA and the needs of an emerging private sector market.” Next, NASA plans to “lead the emplacement of capabilities that support lunar surface operations and facilitate missions beyond cislunar space.”
Hopefully, this will then allow the air and space agency to “foster scientific discovery and characterization of lunar resources through a series of robotic missions,” culminating in efforts to “return U.S. astronauts to the surface of the Moon for a sustained campaign of exploration and use.” Once these goals are accomplished, the final goal will be to “demonstrate the capabilities required for human missions to Mars and other destinations.”
Indeed, Mars is next. Efforts to accomplish the final goal are anticipated for the 2030s. NASA Administrator Jim Bridestine recently said that he wants to put “lots of humans in space,” and this five-point plan is a great way to realize this dream. In addition, the new plan follows President Donald Trump’s Space Policy Directive-1, which he signed last year.
The Most Popular Stars of the ‘70s
Lots went on in the ‘70s, whether it was bell bottoms and disco, or headbands and black leather. The decade saw the end of the swinging sixties flower power movement, and the beginnings of some stars that went on to become true icons. You’ll recognize some famous faces on this list, and you might not have seen others in some time. Check out what the most popular stars of the ‘70s are up to now.
Born to Norwegian parents in Tokyo, Japan, actress Liv Ullmann lived in multiple countries during her childhood, including Canada and the USA. Ullmann is considered one of the greatest European actresses of all time, and was filmmaker Ingmar Bergman’s muse.
Amusingly, Liv Ullmann claimed in 2020 that she would never be interviewed again. The actress is also a talented director, and directed a film version of Miss Julie, starring Jessica Chastain and Colin Farrell, in 2013.
Tennessee-born Cybill Shepherd started off as a model, before dipping her toe in acting. Shepherd’s career took off with 1971’s The Last Picture Show, and she has since starred in Taxi Driver, Moonlighting, and The L Word.
According to her autobiography, Shepherd dated Jack Nicholson and Elvis Presley, and turned down a date with Robert De Niro. Shepherd made her Broadway debut in 2012, and has been an outspoken activist throughout her life.
Born Mary Louise Streep, the actress now known as Meryl is often described as the best actress of her generation. Streep made both her stage and film debuts in the 1970s. In 1979, she took home her first Academy Award for Kramer vs. Kramer, and she hasn’t slowed down since.
Meryl Streep has won three Academy Awards in total, and starred in an array of beloved films including The Devil Wears Prada, Mamma Mia!, and Little Women. Recently, she starred in The Prom.
Cheryl Ladd started out in the music industry, and was the singing voice of Melody on the Josie and the Pussycats animated series. However, Ladd is best known for her role in ’70s hit TV series Charlie’s Angels, where she was the replacement for Farrah Fawcett. Ladd stayed with show for four seasons, until its cancelation in 1981.
Ladd continued acting in movies and on TV, and appeared on Broadway in 2000. She has guest starred on NCIS, Chuck, and Charmed.
From one Charlie’s angel to another, here we have Jaclyn Smith, known for her role as Kelly Garrett on the crime drama series. Smith was the only original angel to stick with the show for its entire run, and she made cameo appearances in two of the Charlie’s Angels movies.
Jaclyn Smith acted in a range of TV movies and miniseries throughout the ‘80s and ‘90s, and hosted hairstyling reality show Shear Genius. The actress pioneered the concept of celebrity brands, and has a collection with Kmart.
Born Patsy Ann McClenny, Morgan Fairchild’s acting career kicked off in the late 1970s. Starting off on soap Search for Tomorrow, the actress then appeared on various series including Kojack and Happy Days. In 1978, she landed a role on primetime soap Dallas, as the first actress to portray Jenna Wade.
Fairchild continued to act in soaps, and played a recurring character in sitcom Roseanne. However, modern audiences know her best as Chandler’s mom from Friends. The actress is also an advocate for the environment.
Alison Arngrim was a child model and TV commercial actress, but she really rose to fame on Western drama series Little House on the Prairie. Playing the role of Nellie Oleson, Arngrim became a stand in for spoiled little girls across the country.
After leaving Little House in 1981, Arngrim guest starred on The Love Boat and Fantasy Island. The actress has had a successful stage career in France, recorded a comedy album, and wrote an autobiography. She’s also involved with charitable organizations.
Actress and singer Raquel Welch made a big splash in the late 1960s when images of her in fantasy film One Million Years B.C. became best-selling posters. An icon of the ‘60s and ‘70s, Welch played strong female characters and was credited for ushering in the era of the brunette.
In the 1980s, Raquel Welch successfully sued MGM, but sadly, this negatively affected her movie career, though she has acted since. Welch also has a successful one-woman musical act in Las Vegas.
Born Alicia Christian, Jodie Foster started out as a child model at three years old, and made her acting debut at six years old. Foster’s big breakout role was in Martin Scorsese’s Taxi Driver, and she went on to appear in Bugsy Malone and Freaky Friday.
Jodie Foster’s still got it, and she has two Academy Awards to show for it. The actress played opposite Anthony Hopkins in Silence of the Lambs, and has since developed a successful directing career.
Born Cherilyn Sarkisian, Cher is known as the Goddess of Pop. With her iconic contralto voice and incredible sense of style, Cher has been on the scene since the 1960s. By the ‘70s, the star had her own TV show with Sonny Bono, and by the end of the decade, she released a disco record.
Cher has continued singing and acting, and has made millions from sold out tours. Plus, without Cher we wouldn’t have another famous Armenian — Kim Kardashian considers Cher her number one icon.
Susan Sarandon kicked off her acting career in 1970 with her role in drama film Joe. Throughout the ‘70s, the actress appeared in The Rocky Horror Picture Show, The Great Waldo Pepper, and Pretty Baby.
The New York-born actress never stopped, and has starred in numerous movies and TV shows throughout her long career. Sarandon is also a lifelong activist, and has received humanitarian awards for her work.
Diane Keaton is another star that made her acting debut in the 1970s. The California born actress’s first major role was in The Godfather, but she made her name in a string of Woody Allen movies, including Annie Hall — for which she took home the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Keaton wanted to avoid being typecast so she went on to play dramatic roles in Reds and Marvin’s Room. More recently, the actress has starred in movies Book Club, and Poms.
One of only a few performers who’ve been awarded an EGOT — Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony — Barbra Streisand started off in nightclubs in the early 1960s. By the ‘70s, the star already had two Grammys and an Academy Award under her belt. In 1976, she won her second for A Star Is Born.
Streisand went on to become the first woman to write, produce, direct and star in a major movie with Yentl, which also won an Academy Award.
English actress Winifred Jacqueline Fraser Bisset – better known as Jacqueline – started acting in the 1960s. In 1970, she played a pregnant stewardess in disaster movie Airport, and then appeared in a string of European movies throughout the decade. In 1977, she made a splash in the U.S. with the adventure movie The Deep.
Jacqueline Bisset continued to act, and has had recurring roles on Nip/Tuck and Rizzoli & Isles. More recently, she starred in Here and Now, and Asher. Bisset is the godmother of fellow actress Angelina Jolie.
A winner of the Triple Crown of Acting (an Oscar, Emmy, and Tony), Ellen Burstyn made her stage debut on Broadway in 1957. In 1971, the actress appeared in The Last Picture Show, and two years later she appeared in The Exorcist.
While Burstyn was nominated for an Academy Award for both roles, she ended up winning in 1974 for Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore. Ellen Burstyn hasn’t stopped acting, and is known for her portrayal of women in drama films.
Carolyn Laurie Kane — later known as just Carol — became well known in the 1970s. She acted in ‘70s movies Hester Street, Dog Day Afternoon, and Annie Hall and didn’t slow down in the following decades.
Carol Kane has had a successful TV career, starting with Taxi in 1981, right up to Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt in 2015. The actress is also known for her portrayal of Madame Morrible in Broadway’s Wicked, which she played various times between 2005 and 2014.
Probably best known for her turn as the blonde-haired good girl Sandy from the ‘70s musical Grease, Australian actress and singer Olivia Newton-John is also one of the best-selling musical artists of all time. In fact, she’s a four-time Grammy Award winner!
Following her iconic transformation in Grease, Newton-John also transformed her musical sound. Her single “Physical” was a huge hit in the ‘80s, along with its aerobics themed video. The actress and singer is still performing today.
In the 1970s, California-born Rene Russo worked as a fashion model. Russo was discovered at a 1972 Rolling Stones concert, and eventually signed with Ford Modeling Agency. The model graced the covers of Vogue, Mademoiselle, and Cosmopolitan.
Rene Russo went on to have a successful acting career in the 1990s. The actress appeared in Lethal Weapon 3, In the Line of Fire, and Get Shorty. Since then, she’s starred in Thor: The Dark World, and Avengers: Endgame.
Known for her work in blaxploitation and action movies, actress Pam Grier has been called cinema’s first female action star — by Quentin Tarantino nonetheless. The actress appeared in Coffy, Foxy Brown, and Sheba, Baby in the 1970s, and became associated with bold, assertive women.
Pam Grier continued to act and has made guest appearances in The Fresh Prince of Bel Air and Law & Order. She starred in The L Word for six seasons, and wrote her memoir, Foxy: My Life in Three Acts, in 2010.
From one Pam to another, this time we’re checking in on Pam Dawber, star of sitcom Mork & Mindy. Dawber started out as a fashion model and appeared in several 1970s commercials.
By the end of the decade, she’d been selected to play Mindy, opposite a then-unknown Robin Williams. Dawber had several more acting roles following Mork & Mindy, and reunited with Robin Williams in 2014 on his comedy series.
Award winning actress Candice Bergen kicked off her career by appearing on her father’s radio show as a child. By the ‘70s, she had starred in a number of movies, and costarred with Sean Connery in 1976’s The Wind and the Lion. Bergen was also the first woman to host Saturday Night Live.
Bergen was the lead in sitcom Murphy Brown, and took home five Emmys for the role. She has since appeared in Miss Congeniality, Boston Legal, and a reboot of Murphy Brown.
Country star Dolly Parton debuted her first album in 1967, and became a chart success during the ‘70s. With self-penned hits like “I Will Always Love You,” and “Jolene,” Parton courted pop and country audiences and went on to win a whopping 10 Grammy Awards.
Dolly Parton hasn’t slowed down and is now a philanthropist, actress, and all-around musical superstar. The 9 to 5 actress is still releasing music, and produced and starred in her own eight-part Netflix series, Dolly Parton’s Heartstrings.
Known in the ‘70s as “Hanoi Jane,” actress Jane Fonda has always been an outspoken activist. Fonda worked as an actress throughout the 1960s and was critically acclaimed in the ‘70s.
She won her first Academy Award for 1971’2 Klute, and then another for Coming Home in 1978. Still acting, Fonda stars in Netflix comedy Grace and Frankie.
Mary Tyler Moore
Actress Mary Tyler Moore was a star in the ‘60s thanks to her role in The Dick Van Dyke Show. In the ‘70s, she landed her own vehicle with The Mary Tyler Moore Show. The sitcom lasted for seven years, and Moore became closely associated with modern American womanhood.
In later life, Moore made guest appearances on The Ellen Show, That ‘70s Show, and Hot in Cleveland, and wrote two memoirs. The iconic actress passed away in 2017, after years of health issues.
Michigan-born Mary Jean Tomlin — known as Lily — started off as a stand-up comedian in the 1960s. The actress made her film debut with 1974’s Nashville and starred in The Late Show later that decade. Also in the ‘70s, Tomlin won a Grammy for her comedy album, This Is A Recording.
Lily Tomlin stars opposite Jane Fonda in Netflix’s Grace and Frankie, and has acted in Malibu Country, Desperate Housewives, and Murphy Brown. Impressively, the multi-talented Tomlin also has a Tony Award.
British-American actress Jane Seymour appeared in movies and TV series in the 1960s, but reached superstardom thanks to her role in James Bond movie Live and Let Die. In 1975, she starred in Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger, and by the end of the decade, she had joined Battlestar Galactica.
Jane Seymour continued acting, appearing in various movies, and in the lead role of TV series Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman. The actress has also written several books.
Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell is considered one of the greatest and most influential female recording artists of all time. Mitchell’s music defined the 1960s and ‘70s, particularly with songs like 1970’s “Big Yellow Taxi,” and “Woodstock.” By the end of the decade, she was experimenting with jazz.
Joni Mitchell released her last album in 2007, and is a strong critic of the music industry. Despite not releasing new music, the artist leaves a strong legacy, particularly for fellow female artists.
Carrie Fisher’s film debut was in 1975’s Shampoo, filmed when she was just 17 years old. Several years later, she appeared as Princess Leia in Star Wars, cementing her status as a sci-fi icon for decades to come.
Carrie Fisher wrote several books, and worked on scripts and screenplays, including Hook, Sister Act, and various of the Star Wars films. She continued acting, appearing in sitcom Catastrophe, and in Star Wars: The Force Awakens. Sadly, the actress passed away in 2016.
Actress Louise Fletcher had a successful acting career in the 1950s, and took a 10-year hiatus before reappearing in the ‘70s. Perhaps best known for her performance as the evil Nurse Ratched in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Fletcher was the third actress ever to win an Oscar, BAFTA, and Golden Globe all for the same role.
Louise Fletcher continued acting, and starred in TV series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. She has also appeared in comedy drama Shameless, and Netflix series Girlboss.
Aretha Franklin was already the Queen of Soul by the time the ‘60s wrapped up, so she entered the ‘70s a fully fledged star. The singer released four albums throughout the decade, and then switched record labels in 1979.
A full on musical legend, Aretha Franklin has 18 Grammy Awards and is considered one of the greatest singers of all time. In fact, Rolling Stone put her at number one on their list. Sadly, Aretha Franklin passed away in 2018.
Karen Lynn Gorney
Actress Karen Lynn Gorney appeared in movies in the ‘60s, but is known for her role as Tara Martin in soap opera All My Children. As well as this, the actress appeared in ‘70s hit Saturday Night Fever as Stephanie Mangano, John Travolta’s dancing partner.
Karen Lynn Gorney took a break from acting but returned and guest starred in Law & Order and The Sopranos. Gorney is also a singer, and has released three albums in total.
Punk-rock poet Patti Smith was a star of the ‘70s. Her song, “Because the Night,” cowritten with Bruce Springsteen and released in 1978, was in the Top 10 in both the U.S. and the U.K. Smith’s band released three albums during the decade.
Patti Smith went into semi-retirement but reemerged with a tribute to Kurt Cobain in 1996. She continued writing, and in 2010 won the National Book Award for her memoir. Naturally, the rocker is a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
You’ll recognize New Yorker Stockard Channing from her turn as cool girl and pink lady Rizzo in ‘70s musical Grease. Prior to that, the actress had starred in various movies and Broadway plays.
Channing kept acting and landed the role of First Lady Abbey Bartlett in political drama The West Wing. She also continued starring on Broadway, winning a Tony Award in 1985. More recently, the actress has appeared in The Good Wife, and various West End and Broadway plays.
Carly Simon’s self-titled debut album came out in 1971, and she kicked the decade off with the Grammy Award for Best New Artist. More albums came in the years that followed, with hits like “You’re So Vain,” and “Nobody Does it Better.” Unsurprisingly, Simon is considered one of the quintessential singers of the ‘70s.
Carly Simon has continued to release music, and in 2016, announced that she and her son were releasing EDM mixes of her songs. The musician has also written two memoirs.
Diana Ross hit the big time in the 1960s as leading lady of girl group The Supremes. After leaving the group in 1970, the singer released her first solo album, which included a cover of Marvin Gaye’s “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough.” By 1976, Billboard was calling Diana Ross the female entertainer of the century, and we totally understand why.
Naturally, Diana Ross continued singing, and also acted in several movies, including The Wiz. Ross leaves a huge legacy, inspiring artists like Beyoncé and Madonna.
Actress and singer Susan Anton grew up in California and won several beauty pageants in the 1960s. In the ‘70s, she was known for her TV commercials, and made appearances on Merv Griffin’s TV show many times.
Anton fronted her own variety show in the 1980s, and recorded music that charted highly on the country charts. She went on to star in Baywatch, and has played Velma Von Tussle in the Las Vegas company of Hairspray. She has also performed on Broadway.
Known for playing the iconic Daisy Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard, Catherine Bach was a ‘70s star with a considerable following. Apparently, producers were looking for a Dolly Parton-like figure for the role, but hired Bach on the spot. She chose Daisy’s famous t-shirt, denim shorts, and high heels — creating the character’s signature look.
Posters of Bach in character sold five million copies. While playing Daisy Duke, Bach’s legs were insured for $1,000,000. Since then, the actress has joined soap opera The Young and the Restless.
A true ‘70s star, Farrah Fawcett rose to fame during the first season of TV series Charlie’s Angels. A poster of the actress wearing a red swimsuit sold six million copies in just one year, and her famed haircut was beloved by women across the world.
Farrah Fawcett left Charlie’s Angels after just one season, but she did go on to act in movies, plays, and other TV shows. Sadly, the iconic actress passed away in 2006.
Stephanie Lynn Nicks, known as a member of Fleetwood Mac and as a solo artist, joined the band in 1975. Their subsequent release, Rumours, was the bestselling album of the year — and one of the bestselling albums of all time. It even stayed at the top of the U.S. chart for 31 weeks, so it’s no wonder Stevie is a ‘70s star.
A Grammy Award winner and true musical legend, Stevie Nicks is still performing. The star has inspired Courtney Love, Sheryl Crow, Taylor Swift, and Lorde.
Known for playing Jo Polniaczek on sitcom The Facts of Life, actress Nancy McKeon started modeling when she was just a baby. In the ‘70s, McKeon appeared in soaps The Secret Storm and Another World, and was cast in the classic sitcom right at the end of the decade. Apparently, McKeon got the gig because she was able to cry on cue in a Hallmark advertisement.
Nancy McKeon has continued acting, and competed on Dancing With the Stars in 2018. She’s now involved in the upcoming Amazon series, Panic.